This detailed scan is performed to look at the size, shape and condition of the uterus, lining of the womb, both ovaries and the pelvic area. An antral follicle count (also known as an egg sac count) is also performed. An Ovarian Reserve Test (ORT) is a scan carried out between days 1 and days 5 of the menstrual cycle. This scan is best performed transvaginally for optimum clarity.
This is a female screening package which forms part of a basic fertility workup. These tests are best performed between days 1 and 5 of the menstrual cycle.
This investigation involves placing a narrow telescope with a camera into the womb and is used to examine the lining of the womb and the opening of the fallopian tubes, to determine whether there are any polyps, fibroids or adhesions present.
A hysteroscopy is a procedure used to examine the inside of your uterus using a device called a hysteroscope, which is a narrow telescope with a light and camera at the end, that can easily be passed into your uterus through your vagina and cervix.
The resulting images are sent to a monitor so your consultant can see inside your uterus to locate any problems.
In terms of treatment, your consultant is able to easily diagnose conditions such as fibroids, polyps and Intrauterine adhesions, which can be removed safely during the procedure.
During a laparoscopy, a small telescope (laparoscope) is inserted into the abdomen to look directly at the internal tissue to diagnose the presence pelvic pathology eg endometriosis. This test is conducted under a general anaesthetic.
Laparoscopy is a keyhole (or minimally invasive) surgical procedure performed under general anaesthetic. It involves inserting a thin fiber-optic telescope fitted with a light and camera through a small incision, usually in the belly button, enabling visualisation of the uterus, fallopian tubes and ovaries. This helps us diagnose and treat any defects such as scar tissue, endometriosis, fibroids or any other abnormalities.
Any abnormalities can be corrected using an operative laparoscopy which involves inserting surgical tools through other small incisions in the lower abdomen, usually at the top of the pubic hair line, which enable the reproductive surgeon to operate from a point of triangulation. This is less invasive than a traditional surgical procedure, leading to a quicker recovery time and reduced scarring.
This is a procedure which emulates the process of embryo transfer and helps to establish whether an actual transfer is likely to encounter problems. Performed between days 7-12 of the menstrual cycle.
This investigation involves the removal of a tiny piece of tissue from the inner lining of the uterus. Performed between days 7-12 of the menstrual cycle.
A lack of synchronisation between the embryo and endometrial receptivity is one of the main causes of recurring implantation failure
This procedure is a personalised genetic test that involves taking a biopsy of your womb lining, (the endometrium), to see when it is most receptive for embryo implantation.
Typically, a lack of synchronisation between the embryo being transferred and your endometrial receptivity is one of the main causes of recurring implantation failure. This is why it is imperative to assess the endometrium in order to determine the optimal day for embryo transfer.
In a normal reproductive cycle, a woman is most receptive to transfer during days 19-21. This is what is known as the ‘window of implantation’. If however, the woman’s cycles are irregular, we need to monitor the endometrium to assess when this optimum time is in order to prepare the embryos in our laboratory for a timed transfer.
You will need to undergo a traditional cycle of IVF treatment in order that we can collect and fertilise your eggs with your partners (or donors) sperm and monitor your developing embryos in our laboratory.
If we have advised that an ERA and timed replacement is necessary, we will freeze your embryos for use at the optimum time in your cycle, conducive with the ERA test results or for a subsequent treatment. The ERA test will have to be done either in a natural cycle or medicated cycle to mimic the type of cycle to be chosen for the actual frozen embryo replacement. So in the event the transfer is to be scheduled in a natural cycle, then the biopsy will be taken 6 days after confirmed ovulation by ultrasound (or 7 days post LH surge). Alternatively, if you have been advised a transfer in a medicated HRT cycle then the biopsy will be taken on the 6th day of progesterone administration.
A biopsy is quickly and easily taken by our consultant in our procedure room. The test will be able to advise whether your endometrium is receptive or non-receptive.
If receptive, this indicates that your window of implantation falls on the day of your cycle during which the biopsy was performed and that an embryo could be transferred to the uterus during this same period in a subsequent frozen embryo transfer cycle following the same regime
Once the embryos have been transferred into your uterus, you will be need to continue taking any drugs prescribed in your treatment and wait 16 days before taking a pregnancy test to see if your treatment has been successful. You can continue your day to day activities but we recommend you refrain from any strenuous physical exercise and rest if you feel you need to. The clinic will confirm your pregnancy with ultrasound scans and blood tests before discharging you back to your own GP for antenatal care.
Pain after this procedure is usually mild but you may experience spotting or light bleeding and your next menstrual period may be early or late. You will be given antibiotics to prevent infection. Infection usually presents as fever, pain in your abdomen or foul-smelling discharge from your vagina.
If at any time you are concerned, please do contact the clinic for advice